tv Global 3000 LINKTV February 6, 2014 6:30pm-7:01pm PST
hello and welcome to global 3000, your weekly check on the global issues that affect us all. here's what we have coming up for you on today's program. building a health system for more than one billion people come a wide medical care is still a luxury for many chinese. doing business in myanmar, we look at how businesses tackle the transition. and securing the survival of them ebs black rhinos -- namibia's black rhinos.
believe it or not, your hair and fingernails have a lot in common with rhino horns. they all contain the protein keratin. the differences, rhino horns are sought after, specifically for this substance. many people believe that keratin has healing properties that can improve fertility, for instance. 2013 saw a new peak with an estimated rhinos killed -- 100 50,000 rhinos killed in africa alone. the rhino populations have shrunk. the original habitat, there has been an effort led to repopulate. in some places they are already extinct. the black rhinos of namibia narrowly escaped extinction, largely due to businesses who
help them escape this lucrative business without even touching them. >> it shortly before sunrise in the namibia desert, but these men are ready to break camp. they are rangers with the save the rhino trust. the men want to set off as early as possible, because temperatures will soon climb to over 40 degrees celsius. the group will be spending three weeks in the wilderness, far from villages in one of namibia's most forbidding terrain. the best way to patrol is on donkeys. the tracking teams are monitoring the last of africa's black rhinos living in the wild and protecting them from poachers. about 150 of the animals roam the pristine desert landscape. >> we often spend days on end in the heat looking for rhinoceros. other animals, like lions, leopards, an elephant pose a danger to us, but we have to
find out as much as we can about their rhinos, their numbers, their state of health, and their behavior. that is a prerequisite for protecting them. >> the first success of the day, the men have discovered rhino tracks. the local rangers learn to track animals when they were children. some of them used to be poachers themselves, driven to it by poverty. now as gamekeepers, they earn a regular wage. >> i used to poach because i was hungry. it was about getting meet, not trading in rhino horns. but i really prefer feeding my family by protecting the animals. >> they continue on foot for several kilometers, always following the trail of the rhinoceros. often in the distance, mountain
zebras. they have adapted to the harsh habitat in the nimby desert. -- the men me desert. suddenly, they spy what they have been tracking for hours. after a fleeting moment, the lack rhino trots away. -- the black rhino trots away. the rangers follow it because they need photos in order to identify it for cicely. -- precisely. but the rhino has caught wind of them and suddenly charge the team.
black rhinos are more aggressive than other members of their species, but this time, the rangers get off lightly. >> we were a little too close, but we do have to register and record all of the animals specific physical features. thanks to that information, we now have the most extensive rhinoceros databank in the world. ♪ >> tourists from around the globe to -- come to northwestern namibia to it enjoy the rhinos. the safari operators support the work of the conservationist. some of the rangers are paid from the profits. and other locals benefit as well. >> we pay the local population
the -- a fee for the right to use the area for tourism. we also create jobs for guides, waiters, and other personnel. tourism is basically the only economic prospect for the people here. >> rhino tracking is subject to strict rules. the rangers supervise and guide the tourists, to make sure that the animals are undisturbed. today's group is especially lucky. they get the chance to quietly observe a rhinoceros cow and her calves. it is a rare sight, and evidence that the rhino population is growing again. the save the rhinoceros team
members a claim that now some animals have actually been resettled from the project area to other parts of the country. the tourists from neighboring south africa are impressed. in their country, rhinoceros poaching is at an all-time high. >> the way it is going at the moment, it is a dino flat, from what i can gather. at their watershed, the growth rate has become negative. the rate of poaching has outstripped the rate of births in rhino. it is a major problem. >> animal protection advocates in the media are also alarmed. only recently, a black rhino was killed in the middle of the project area with 16 gunshots. the poachers then sought off at horns -- its horn.
since then, the organization increased its patrol flights. showing its present is part of the deterrent strategy. fears are growing that after south africa, rhino poaching syndicates will take -- will target namibia. >> the pacific is very powerful. they have a lot of financial backing. and they are using other south african countries and other countries to do their dirty work for them. it is all profitable -- more profitable at the moment and the illegal drug trade. >> tourism is an important component in the struggle against poaching. thanks to the regular income, most locals have understood that their rare among wild animals are more valuable alive than dead.
defending that success against the rhino syndicates will be the namibian animal protectionist's greatest challenge in the future. >> from africa, we had to the caribbean island state of granada where just over 100,000 inhabitants -- with just over 100,000 inhabitants. it is one of the smallest nations in the world. we caught up with a captain who has a lot of stories to tell, like when he met queen elizabeth. >> please, welcome.
if you care to come into my living room, then you can see what it is like. i have a picture of the mona lisa. i bought it in rome. what i like about it is the sort of half smile, and the fold of her arms, folded one over the other. one of my hobbies is record collecting and listening to music. ♪ this is don buyas. this was recorded in paris many years ago. he has since died. he was a jazz musician.
these were done in london when i attended an invitation to buckingham palace to receive an award. this award was given to me for my service in agriculture in granada. this one is my wife and my cousin. this one is with my wife and children. and this is myself. and this is myself and my wife at the palace after receiving an award. this award as the commander of the british empire. i was able to enter and shake the hand of the queen. thank you very kindly. and enjoy the rest of your stay in granada. divide.
-- goodbye. >> thanks for having us. if you are chinese, whether you can afford medical treatment or not largely depends on where you live. more than half the population in the countryside can only dream of the health care benefits already enjoyed by most in the city. while in several european countries there is debate about to class health care systems that give privately insured patients much faster access to specialists and others, in china, two class system often means the difference between actually getting treatment or not. here is a report visiting patients at both ends of the spectrum. >> a house call in a small pill -- village in hunan province. for 36 years, she has been taking care of patients here, bringing the medicine. she is not a trained doctor, but a nurse. in rural areas in china, health
insurance covers only 40% of medical costs. the farmers have to pay in advance. so they rarely go to a doctor and they avoid hospitals. today, she is visiting a farmer. he is 63 and suffers from a number of ailments, a weak heart, kidney stones, a hernia, and prostate trouble. >> he just has too many problems. if he gets a cold, it quickly turns into something more serious. and he can no longer breathe properly. then i give him penicillin injections. >> that is not very expensive and nurse lee -- li does not charge much for her services. officially, she is retired and she makes these housecalls out of the goodness of her heart. >> i would gladly go to the hospital, but we don't have
money. our old doctor told me where we can find herbs and roots. they help, too. >> he and his wife have no children. that means there is nobody who can send the money from the city. they live from state charity. put together, he comes to the less -- to less than -- it comes to less than 50 euros a month equivalent, for both of them. he is too weak to tell his field. his spot of land is farmed by neighbors who give him a bit of rice in exchange. a few houses farther on, chinese remedies are being used to treat cancer. this man is just 30 nine.
he worked as a computer programmer until he could no longer stand the pain. now, opiates and back massage help him. he has angry at a cancer. the hospital and doctor recommended surgery and chemotherapy, but it would have cost the equivalent of several thousand euros. >> i don't have enough money. my sisters wanted me to stay in hospital, but it is too hard to get hold of that much money. after a few days in hospital, it is all spent. >> the patient suspects he has not got long to live, and will be survived by his father and ailing mother. then there is his nine-year-old son. >> he is still so young. if i live, even if i am bedridden, at least i am here. in the eyes of my son, i'm just
ill. but if i die, he will be and often -- he will be an orphan. >> i find it hard to talk about. we are also very worried. >> in a city on the yellow sea with a population of 600,000, not a famous metropolis. i chinese standards, it is a small town. -- by chinese standards, it is a small town. the municipal hospital is modern and well-equipped. chinese city dwellers are privileged. in contrast to the farmers, they have adequate health insurance. the reception hall, this is
where every hospital visit begins. there are no resident physicians in china, just clinics of various sizes. preventive checkups, surgery, and medicine -- for citydwellers, the government and employers shoulder most of the cost. this woman works at a personnel agency. she has swollen lymph nodes. her thyroid gland may be the source of the problem. she registers using her insurance card, and waits. all of the specialists have their own examination rooms. the doctor finds the patient's medical history on her computer. here, china appears to have a modern health system. the doctor does not think an ultrasound scan is necessary and
send her off to pay. she has the equivalent of 100 euros per year on her health card as credits. 12 are deducted for today's visit. at home, her daughter, husband, and parents-in-law are waiting. the family lives together in a 2.5 room apartment. health plays a major role, but so does the worry that a major illness could wipe out the family savings. that is because state insurance does not pay for imported medicine, or ct scans, for instance. but she has made provision for that as well. >> i think my private insurance will cover costs of more than 10,000 euros. for complicated treatments and expensive medication. i have two kinds of insurance, state and private. >> the many hundreds of millions of chinese farmers can only dream of that.
back in the small village in hunan province, nurse li is on her way to see a 72-year-old patient. he had a stroke four years ago and has been dependent on nursing care since then. the family spent their entire savings on medical care until they could no longer pay his hospital costs. then they brought him home. >> i hope that someday it will cost less to be treated by a doctor. we farmers simply cannot afford to be ill. >> china is a two class society. almost nowhere is it as glaring as the health care system. reforming it is said to be too expensive. the best hope farmers have is to stay healthy.
>> myanmar is still set -- still far from setting up anything like china's health system. that will have to come from the country's economic development, and that is happening since myanmar began implement reforms two years ago. tourists and investors are coming back, and so are burmese entre knowers who fled the dictatorship. -- entrepreneurs who fled the dictatorship. this is one of them and he is certainly inking big. -- thinking big. >> every day, i press -- face frustrations. in the micro picture, it is hard to delegate jobs. there is a shortage of management and operational skills.
on the macro picture, it is still moving ahead. it has moved ahead much faster than anyone had anticipated. it really has, in the last two or three years. we have to keep that momentum going. >> i was born in myanmar, but educated in the u.k. and pursued a career in investment banking and finance. toward the end of 2010, i came back to my country, was caught
up in the reform process and has -- have stayed since. there are fantastic entrepreneurs in this country. and they have had to overcome real tough challenges, financing issues, the lack of a banking sector, the lack of international trade and finance, sanctions being imposed. and yet, they have been able to build successful businesses, whether it is food and beverage chains, modern retail groups, supermarkets. the best that myanmar can do is
not to be fearful of 2015 and the opening of our markets am a but to actually adapt as quickly as possible -- our markets, but to adapt as quickly as possible and embrace it. in myanmar, we have 60 million people. that creates the potential for a competitive manufacturing base. it is also the potential for an attractive consumer market if you open all doors and keep things in check around the common market. your economy and businesses can grow.
you need that combination of overseas experience and expertise, but local practicalities and local knowledge and local expertise as well. you really do need that combination. the government and the opposition has taken the courage to engage with each other and now it is down to us to fill that space. and also to engage. >> and there is also certainly still a lot of space waiting to be filled when it comes to solving complex challenges. yes, we are on the lookout for global brains, people who come up with simple and smart solutions to difficult problems. if you witness such a strike of genius, or have one yourself, please share it with us. here is how it works.
>> houses made of tires, muscle powered generators. lamps made of plastic bottles. simple ideas that can make life easier. what about you? do you have a bright idea, or know of someone who does? then write to us and tell us about your inventions. >> so, if you are a closet in mentor, here is your chance. that brings us to the end of this edition. join us again next week and you can always find us online. things for watching. goodbye. captioned by the national captioning institute